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03/18/2020

Last week in Turkey: Turkey’s struggle against the coronavirus

Last week in Turkey: Turkey’s struggle against the coronavirus

Like the rest of the world, the main topic of the week in Turkey was the Coronavirus.

TV channels showed virus-related broadcasts all day and night, while people across social media shared virus related content non-stop. On March 5, Minister of Health Fahrettin Koca announced the first Coronavirus case in Turkey during a press conference. The number of cases has since increased to 98.

All schools and universities have been closed across the country, and the authorities are still discussing the possibility of a nationwide quarantine.

The risk of a nationwide quarantine for the economy is obvious, which is why there has been great hesitation within the government, the media and among the public about taking such drastic action.

3 DIFFERENT APPROACHES

In order to understand the Turkish authorities’ response to the coronavirus, it would be worthwhile to examine the 3 different methods used throughout the world against the epidemic and compare them to the situation in Turkey.

  1. The Chinese method: since the beginning of the crisis, the Chinese authorities have taken drastic measures to handle the outbreak. A nationwide quarantine, curfews and compulsory health precautions were widely used by the Chinese authorities in order to stop the spread of the epidemic. Collectivity and statism were the two main foundations of the Chinese approach.
  1. The appeasement approach: Western European countries, along with Israel, Iran and most of the Middle East, have attempted to fight the virus using limited measures which will not disturb the economy. Italy, Iran and Spain are suffering high numbers of cases as a result, which has ultimately hurt the economy and been costly in terms of human lives.
  1. The Protestant approach: Great Britain and Germany have surprisingly chosen the same method to fight against the coronavirus: herd immunity.

The UK’s Chief Scientific Adviser, Sir Patrick Vallance told the BBC that one of “the key things we need to do” is to “build up some kind of a herd immunity, so more people are immune to this disease and therefore we can reduce the spread of the virus.”

“The coronavirus has arrived in Germany (…) We must assume that 60 to 70 percent of the population will become infected.” Judging by this statement from German Chancellor Angela Merkel, we can surmise that she has a similar view to her British colleagues’. She has accepted the spread of the virus and will not apply the same method as China, prioritizing keeping the economy in motion.

THE HESITATION OF TURKISH AUTHORITIES

At present, it is clear to see that the Turkish authorities are hesitating to choose one of these methods. The Turkish economy is fragile and the government does not want to take any economic risks, yet, at the same time, protecting the health of its citizens is a duty of the state. If the pandemic results in a high number of casualties, the consequences will ultimately be disastrous for the government as well.

Turkey, like the rest of the world, is at a crossroads. It must choose between decisive statism and neoliberal distancing. Unfortunately, there is very little time to deliberate.

 
Onur Sinan Güzaltan
Onur Sinan Güzaltan was born in Istanbul in 1985. He had his Bachelors's degree in Law, from the Paris-Est Créteil Val de Marne Universty /Paris XII and a Master's degree in International and European Law. He got his certificate of diploma equivalence at Galatasaray University. Later, he got a Master's degree in International Trade Law, at the Institut de Droit des Affaires Internationales, founded jointly by the Sorbonne Universty and the Cairo Universty. In this process, he had served as the Cairo representative for the Aydinlik Newspaper. He has several articles and television streams within the international press, in such as People's Daily, Al Yaum, Al Ahram, Russia Today FranceAl Youm Al Sabea. In addition to being the author of the Tanrı Bizi İster Mi?, a work that studies the 2011-2013 political period in Egypt, he had also contributed to the multi-author study titled Ortadoğu Çıkmazında Türkiye, with an article that focused on the Turkish-Egyptian relations. While currently working as a lawyer, he also writes a weekly column for Aydinlik Newspaper on the subject of international politics and geopolitics.

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